HI , this is very simple but hard to start using CURL in php
1. This is use to make http request to other sites like
you can download data from other sites or make API calls to fetch some data like (Facebook's graph api).

Before we start we have to check if CURL is enabled or not.
 to check
function _isCurl(){
echo "Yes! we have curl";

just do the

and look for the curl

3. if its not enabled then
go to your php.ini file
and uncomment this line

if still you have problem with your curl then goto this link to get help link .

Lets start some curls.

Before we can do anything with a cURL request, we need to first instantiate an instance of cURL - we can do this by calling the function curl_init();, which returns a cURL resource. 


Once we've got a cURL resource, we can begin to assign some settings, below is a list of some of the core ones that I set
  • CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER - Return the response as a string instead of outputting it to the screen
  • CURLOPT_CONNECTTIMEOUT - Number of seconds to spend attempting to connect
  • CURLOPT_TIMEOUT - Number of seconds to allow cURL to execute
  • CURLOPT_USERAGENT - Useragent string to use for request
  • CURLOPT_URL - URL to send request to
  • CURLOPT_POST - Send request as POST
  • CURLOPT_POSTFIELDS - Array of data to POST in request
We can set a setting by using the curl_setopt() method, which takes three parameters, the cURL resource, the setting and the value. So, to set the URL that we're sending the request to as http://testcURL.com:
$curl = curl_init();
curl_setopt($curl, CURLOPT_URL, 'http://testcURL.com');
As mentioned, we can set the URL by sending a parameter through when getting the cURL resource:
$curl = curl_init('http://testcURL.com');
It is possible to set multiple settings at one time by passing through an array of settings and values to the function curl_setopt_array():
$curl = curl_init();
curl_setopt_array($curl, array(
CURLOPT_URL => 'http://testcURL.com'

Sending request

When all of the options are sent, and the request is ready to send, we can call thecurl_exec() method which will execute the cURL request. This function can return three different things:
  • false - if there is an error executing the request
  • true - if the request executed without error and CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER is set to false
  • The result - if the request executed without error and CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER is set to true
Using the previous example, where we are wanting to get the result back, we would use the following:
$result = curl_exec($curl);
With $result now containing the response from the page - which might be JSON, a string or a full blown site's HTML.

Close Request

When you've sent a request and got the result back, you should look to close the cURL request so that you can free up some system resources, this is as simple as calling thecurl_close() method which as with all other functions takes the resource as its parameter.

GET Request

GET request is the default request method that is used, and is very straight forward to use, infact all of the examples so far have been GET requests. If you want to send parameters along in the request you simply append them to the URL as a query string such ashttp://testcURL.com/?item1=value&item2=value2.
So for example to send a GET request to the above URL and return the result we would use:
// Get cURL resource
$curl = curl_init();
// Set some options - we are passing in a useragent too here
curl_setopt_array($curl, array(
CURLOPT_URL => 'http://testcURL.com/?item1=value&item2=value2',
CURLOPT_USERAGENT => 'Codular Sample cURL Request'
// Send the request & save response to $resp
$resp = curl_exec($curl);
// Close request to clear up some resources

POST Request

The sole difference between the POST and GET request syntax is the addition of one setting, two if you want to send some data. We'll be setting CURLOPT_POST to true and sending an array of data through with the setting CURLOPT_POSTFIELDS
So for example switching the above GET request to be a POST request, we would use the following code:
// Get cURL resource
$curl = curl_init();
// Set some options - we are passing in a useragent too here
curl_setopt_array($curl, array(
CURLOPT_URL => 'http://testcURL.com',
CURLOPT_USERAGENT => 'Codular Sample cURL Request',
item1 => 'value',
item2 => 'value2'
// Send the request & save response to $resp
$resp = curl_exec($curl);
// Close request to clear up some resources
There you have a POST request that will work the same as our GET request above and return the response back to the script so that you can use it as you want.


As much as we all hate errors, you really need to take care to account for any eventuality with cURL as ultimately you will not have control over the site(s) that you are sending your request to, you cannot guarantee that the response will be in the format that you want, or that the site will even be available.
There are a few functions that you can use to handle errors and these are:
  • curl_error() - returns a string error message, will be blank '' if the request doesn't fail.
  • curl_errno() - which will return the cURL error number which you can then look up onthis page listing error codes.
An example usage would be:
die('Error: "' . curl_error($curl) . '" - Code: ' . curl_errno($curl));
You might want to look at using the setting CURLOPT_FAILONERROR as true if you want any HTTP response code greater than 400 to cause an error, instead of returning the page HTML.


cURL is a behemoth, and has many many possibilities.
=============== json =============

if we get some data from the facebook api like

$curl  = curl("https://graph.facebook.com?access_token=<access_token>");

$result = curl_exec($curl);
//note this won't work if are on the localhost.
To solve the problem for the localhost use some curl option
And this wll solve the problem.
if you wan't to store the response in some variable. use


Now, we can store this into the variable.
$result = curl_exec($curl);
If we look at the type to the $result.
echo gettype($result);
o/p :  string.

Convert it to the json using builtin json_decode.
$result_json = json_encode($result);
Note : if we want this as the array(nested-array)use it as
$result_array = json_encode($result,true);

To access the values from the json object do,
echo $result_json->paging->next;
For the array's we all know.
echo $result_array['paging']['next'];

Hope, this helps you guys.
Note to get access_token from the facebook use your hosted website with SSL (this is the easiest way).

curl with cookies 


/* STEP 1. let’s create a cookie file */

$ckfile = tempnam ("/tmp", "CURLCOOKIE");

/* STEP 2. visit the homepage to set the cookie properly */

$ch = curl_init ("http://somedomain.com/");
curl_setopt ($ch, CURLOPT_COOKIEJAR, $ckfile);
curl_setopt ($ch, CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER, true);
$output = curl_exec ($ch);

/* STEP 3. visit cookiepage.php */

$ch = curl_init ("http://somedomain.com/cookiepage.php");
curl_setopt ($ch, CURLOPT_COOKIEFILE, $ckfile);
curl_setopt ($ch, CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER, true);
$output = curl_exec ($ch);

/* here you can do whatever you want with $output */